Excerpts from “Imagined Data Communities”: 

  • “One of the most crucial and dramatic processes that we can point to is the fragmentation of images: the automatic and manual annotation of images with “external” metadata (such as time and place of creation, or textual tags added by users), and with “internal” metadata that is extracted from within images’ content itself: images taken inside vs. outside, the identification of people in a photograph, automatic detection of different scenes or atmospheres in photos (i.e. nightlife; happy; sad) and much more” (Hochman 1). 
  • “Words (such as tags) or numbers (such as location indication, or time) are not meant to explicate an image (as an indexical sign) but rather to group it with all other images that share data similarity” (Hochman 2). 
  • “In other words, while what is going on inside the image shows us what the world is right now (derived from the immediate registry and sharing of everyday life) everything outside of that image (metadata such as tags, location coordinates etc.) considers the what if, or what might be, or how we might think about what is the world through the lens of the aggregated, simultaneous representations of particular data units. In short: the “real” is everything that is going on inside an image (images of particular subjects in the world), while the symbolic is everything that is outside of that image and is connected to it via similar fragmented informational atoms (Hochman 3.) 


  • SelfieCity Studies demographics of those who take selfies
  • Different cities have different selfie styles
  • Older people take selfies in Moscow and New York City (about 26 years old)
  • Bangkok and Sao Paulo smile most
  • Less people take selfies than assumed
  • More women take selfies than men
  • Most people who take selfie are 20-30 years old
  • Essay: “Imagined Data Communities” – fragmentation of images, such as tags, group photos together / creates imagined data communities based on relationships that are not from face to face interactions

Thoughts: I was surprised by the SelfieCity website because less people took selfies than I assumed. However, it did not surprise me that most people who take selfies are between 20 and 30 years old because based on my observations in my hometown and at school, I would agree with this statement. 

Questions to Consider :

  • Why is it significant that different demographics of people around the world take selfies differently?
  • Is it surprising that the average age for people who take selfies is older in Moscow and New York city than in other cities?


“Selfiecity.” Selfiecity. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Sept. 2016.

Hochman, Nadav. “Imagined Communities.” The SAGE Dictionary of Sports Studies (2014): n. pag. Web. 1 Sept. 2016.

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